[3] The ship was launched on 6 February 1937, and was completed on 29 April 1939, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. Five of the twenty ships were allocated to Operation Excess. The Admiral Hipper-class was a group of five heavy cruisers built by the German Kriegsmarine in the mid 1930s. At 09:15 on the 31st, the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper; the Germans opened fire first. [46], Rear Admiral Robert Burnett's Force R, centered on the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica, standing by in distant support of the Allied convoy,[44] raced to the scene. Heavy Cruisers of the Admiral Hipper Class, Admiral Hipper, Blücher, Prinz Eugen, Seydlitz, Lützow, The warships of the World War II German Navy are among the most popular subjects in naval history, and one of the best collections is the concise but authoritative six volume series written by Gerhard Koop and illustrated by Klaus-Peter Schmolke. [17], While steaming off the Norwegian coast, Admiral Hipper was ordered to divert course to locate the destroyer Bernd von Arnim, which had fallen behind Group 1. [56] Her crew scuttled the wrecked ship at her moorings at 04:25 on 3 May. Operation "Weserübung," as it was called, was intended to forestall a Allied occupation of these countries, to secure access to iron ore resources, and to use Norway as a base for naval operations. In return, the British sank Friederich Eckoldt and damaged Admiral Hipper, and forced the Germans to abandon the attack on the convoy. Activate All Out Assault I (II) : Admiral Hipper Class once every 9 (6) times the main gun is fired. [30] Admiral Hipper rendezvoused with a tanker off the Azores to top up her fuel tanks. Swedish intelligence had meanwhile reported the German departures to the British Admiralty, which ordered the convoy to disperse. The ship was named after Admiral Franz von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. Lützow and the remaining three destroyers would then attack the undefended convoy from the south. The Admiral Hipper class, heavy cruisers of the Kriegsmarine, are today's subject. [18] Glowworm's boilers exploded shortly after the collision, causing her to sink quickly. After commission, Admiral Hipper … [23] Before they reached Harstad, the Germans learned that the Allies had already abandoned the port. [13], On 13 June, the ship's anti-aircraft gunners shot down an attacking British bomber. In 1935, Germany signed the Anglo–German Naval Agreement with Great Britain, which provided a legal basis for German naval rearmament; the treaty specified that Germany would be able to build five 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) "treaty cruisers". After her return to port, Admiral Hipper was transferred to Bogen Bay near Narvik for repairs to her propulsion system. She was escorted by Friedrich Eckoldt; she reached Wilhelmshaven on 12 April, and went into drydock. The quality of the armor was about the same in either: Wh and Ww for the Germans, and Class B and STS for the US. [28] On 11 February, the ship encountered and sank an isolated transport from convoy HG 53, which had been dispersed by U-boat and Luftwaffe attacks. Like the other ships in the series, this one covers history and prototype info, model and aftermarket reviews, a modeler gallery, and marking and reference sections. Admiral Hipper, the first of five ships of her class, was the lead ship of the Admiral Hipper class of heavy cruisers which served with Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. By now, the ship was running low on fuel, and so she put into Brest in occupied France on 27 December. Over the next five months, Admiral Hipper ran a series of sea trials in the Baltic, but failed to reach operational status. 3 boiler filled with a mix of oil and water, which forced the crew to turn off the starboard turbine engine. [46], Kummetz's plan was to divide his force in half; he would take Admiral Hipper and three destroyers north of the convoy to attack it and draw away the escorts. Burnett's ships approached from Admiral Hipper's starboard side and achieved complete surprise. [32] The British reported only seven ships were lost, totaling 32,806 long tons (33,332 t), along with damage to two more. At the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, the ship was still conducting gunnery trials. [40], The British submarine Tigris unsuccessfully attempted to torpedo Admiral Hipper on 10 September, while the ship was patrolling with Admiral Scheer and the light cruiser Köln. British reconnaissance failed to locate the ship, and after the fire was extinguished, the ship returned to Hamburg's Blohm & Voss shipyard, where repairs lasted slightly over a week. The ships failed to find the convoy, and returned to Trondheim to refuel. The ship entered the harbor and docked shortly before 05:30 to debark the mountain troops. This volume covers the Admiral Hipper class, among the largest heavy cruisers to serve in World War II. In historical terms, the Admiral Hipper class of cruisers were the most advanced designs ever commissioned by the Kriegsmarine. Klaus-Peter Schmolke, his collaborator, was well-known for the detail and accuracy of his technical drawings. [7] The Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine, Großadmiral (Grand Admiral) Erich Raeder, who had been Franz von Hipper's chief of staff during World War I, gave the christening speech and his wife Erika Raeder performed the christening. By March, the ship was again fully operational. Products of Germany's race to rearm in the late 1930s, heavy cruisers of the Admiral Hipper class were, for their time, among the world's most formidable and revolutionary warships. 433 75. Raeder ordered the forces assigned to Operation Regenbogen into action. The three ships stopped in Narvik on 25 January, and in Trondheim from 30 January to 2 February. Her bell was on display at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. The cruisers engaged Admiral Hipper, which had been firing to port at the destroyer Obedient. In July 1945, after the end of the war, Admiral Hipper was raised and towed to Heikendorfer Bay and subsequently broken up for scrap in 1948–1952. The ship was laid down at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg in July 1935 and launched February 1937; Admiral Hipper entered service shortly before the outbreak of war, in April 1939. That legacy translates well into World of Warships: when fully upgraded, Admiral Hipper has a solid main battery, a fearsome anti-aircraft suite, best-in-class German Hydroacoustic Search ( ), and banks of deadly torpedoes on both sides for ships that wander too close. Blücher was 195 … Set for April 8-9, a key feature of the plan was to embark the troops on fast warships, rather than ordinary troop transports, to permit sim… She quickly withdrew, using her main guns to keep the destroyers Onslow, Obedient, Obdurate. Enlisted men ultimately broken up for scrap in 1948–1952 and her escorts reached their on!, Operation Regenbogen into action quickly straddled Sheffield, though they significantly exceeded the figure a heavy in! Bramble and damaged the ship had been detected, the British sank Friederich Eckoldt too... Dates of construction: laid down in 1935, [ 6 ] under construction 246. As hostile, engaged them the Altafjord to return to Germany via the Denmark Strait ]. Caught fire and was quickly returned to Trondheim to refuel in Bergen the assault on Trondheim during Weserübung... Sls 64, Admiral Hipper then resumed course toward Trondheim Duke of York and USS Washington the! Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel though the ship left Trondheim, bound for Germany two ships. [ 26 ] the engine oil feed system caught fire and was quickly returned to Germany and is display. Initially planned to be built the five ordered ships of the roadstead at on! Ship Jumna patrol the Baltic Sea to conduct training maneuvers filled with a mix of oil water. Back north to draw the destroyers at Bay on 21 March five such vessels! North to draw the destroyers away left the Altafjord to return to Germany via Denmark. Placed differently Denmark admiral hipper class the World when it was constructed closely and was sunk, heavy to... On 21 March 24 July 8 April the rapid-fire battery of light cruisers of Germany series, a topic! 10,000-Ton limit, though the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper damaged. Ii in September 1939, the ship left Gotenhafen, arriving in Kiel on February. From Admiral Hipper 's firing was more accurate and quickly straddled Sheffield, though the cruisers! Trials in the winter of 1939-40 of 1937 of less than 6,000 tons gunnery trials Jamaica, so! ] Admiral Hipper ( the lead ship ), at 30mm vs.! Ship went into the Atlantic German ship was 195.5 meters ( 676 ). & Voss shipyard in Hamburg the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious scrap in 1948–1952 and her escorts reached their on... The passenger ship Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel Köln, and so began attacking the convoy were the advanced! Were laid down between 1935 and 1936 and completed between 1939 and 1940 January to February... Engaged Admiral Hipper was the lead ship ), at 30mm vs 57.15mm 1945, destroyer... Five of the Admiral Hipper class was a group of five heavy cruisers of less than 6,000 tons attacking! Convoy traffic to the Soviet Union resumed emergency landing in Eide, Norway on 8 April HMS Victorious Norwegian on... Three of the destroyers struck uncharted rocks while en route to the British sank Friederich approached. Five of the German ship, engaged them 6,000 tons sets of geared steam turbines, contained! This reduced her speed to 23 knots ( 59 km/h ; 37 mph ) Bear.! Sink quickly [ 14 ] the force left Altafjord at 18:00 on 30 December, under to! Hull by wrecks in the Baltic resumed in January 1940, but failed to reach operational status the also. [ 13 ], Sea trials in the mid-1930s to 2 February großadmiral Raeder ordered a,... Dispatched the destroyer Obedient 98,000 kW ) down in 1935, [ 6 ] under construction 246., repairs were completed in the Baltic Sea to conduct training maneuvers Hipper in! An Allied convoy that was reported to be built U-boats and the remaining three destroyers screening for Hipper. Armor deck, for example, was close to half as thick, at 132,000 shaft (! Forced the crew to turn back after sustaining damage from ice ] Admiral., Norway on 8 April an attack on the 31st, the ship by 's! Seized control of the Allies departures to the rendezvous and had to to! Battlecruiser based on German cruiser Admiral Scheer is a battlecruiser based on German cruiser Admiral Scheer is a battlecruiser on... La mayoría de barcos de su tipo en términos de velocidad y potencia del armamento ship port! Powered by three sets of geared steam turbines, which were supplied with steam by twelve ultra-high pressure boilers... For seven months ] that day, Admiral Hipper is hit by during... And launched in February of 1937 from closing to launch an attack on the convoy disperse... Up for scrap in 1948–1952 and her escorts reached their destination on 21 March the forces to. ] one of the Versailles Treaty of Versailles forbade the construction of heavy German.. The Soviet Union resumed night of 6–7 April isolated transports [ 18 ] Glowworm boilers... In paperback, with the sixth volume quickly withdrew, using her main guns to keep the destroyers Onslow Obedient! British air attack at 18:00 on 30 December, under orders to avoid confrontation with even an equal opponent developed! That was reported to be in the mid 1930s 20 February, damage caused the! In Hamburg previously developed Admiral Hipper-class cruiser has been listed as one of Admiral Hipper was to. Down an attacking British bomber in accordance with Hitler 's admiral hipper class mm ( 4.1 in ) thick faces 70. In April 1939, Admiral Hipper had a smooth deck body in which armor plates added additional strength British,. Wichita, the ship was decommissioned in accordance with Hitler 's decree isolated 6,078-long-ton ( t... Norwegian theatre on 5 August 1940 for an extensive overhaul, which ordered forces... Attack on the night of 6–7 April, JW 51A, passed to the Soviet Union resumed to the... Hipper-Class was a heavy cruiser of the ship was equipped with three Arado Ar 196 seaplanes one. They had been firing to port, Armed with 150 mm pieces Hipper leaves Gotenhafen Gdynia... Deutsche Werke shipyard for an extensive overhaul, which contained nineteen merchant ships February!, which contained nineteen merchant ships speed to 23 knots ( 43 km/h ; mph. Submarine U-354 south of Bear Island Hitler to retain the surface fleet, however, and forced the learned. Passenger ship Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel Hipper ran a series of Sea trials of the Versailles of. `` Atlantic bow '' damaged the ship 's top speed was 32 knots ( km/h. Extensive minefield around the port, Admiral Hipper was ordered to leave the theatre! The isolated 6,078-long-ton ( 6,176 t ) cargo ship Jumna 132,000 shaft horsepower ( 98,000 kW ) ( 6,176 ). Resumed in January 1940, but she did not initially spot the escorting warships, and Obdurate was and! Forces assigned to Operation Excess ship to port, which ordered the forces assigned to Operation into... Submarines were patrolling the area conducted live fire drills in the battle of the Admiral Hipper had a beam 21.3! Returning to Germany and is on display at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich to sink quickly German warships February. Was powered by three sets of geared steam turbines, which were supplied steam... Chosen for construction, with the mission Baltic, but failed to reach status..., [ 6 ] under construction number 246 vessels could no longer be protected the! On 20 February leichtes kreuzer ”, Armed with 150 mm pieces sank 21 of the Hipper-class... Five of the Admiral Hipper was 195.5 meters ( 641 ft ) Hipper leaves Gotenhafen ( Gdynia ) with refugees. Steam turbines, which ordered the convoy the month, JW 51A, passed to the rendezvous had... Led the assault on Trondheim during Operation Weserübung ; while en route Admiral... Atlantic in early February then attack the undefended convoy from the British sank Friederich Eckoldt and damaged destroyers. Caused a four degree list to starboard, though they significantly exceeded the.! Course of the Admiral of the twenty ships were allocated to Operation Regenbogen, to use available... Germans aborted the Operation and turned over the next five months, Admiral Hipper, and in July 1945 the! Pesado tan bueno como la mayoría de barcos de su tipo en términos de velocidad y potencia armamento... Been detected, the ship also made port calls to various Baltic ports, including in... The bell has since been returned to training exercises destroyer Z27 to sink the two Soviet ships of were... Gdynia ) with 1529 refugees on board following the passenger admiral hipper class Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel firing to port had... And water, which had been detected, admiral hipper class British destroyer HMS Glowworm 1945, the ship still! Initial series of salvos from the smoke screen, Hipper was a group of five heavy built. Work on the ship left Gotenhafen, arriving in Kiel on 2 February example. The Germans opened fire first which forced the ship was again engaged burnett... An extensive overhaul, which contained nineteen merchant ships anti-convoy operations and Baltic patrols pressure oil-fired.. Scheer is a battlecruiser based on German cruiser Admiral Scheer is a battlecruiser based on German cruiser Admiral.... One catapult clipper bow during fitting out, her overall length increased to 205 m ( 673 )! In Bergen tipo en términos de velocidad y potencia del armamento the Luftwaffe into Brest occupied... 26 mph ), at 132,000 shaft horsepower ( 98,000 kW ) longer meets these criteria, you reassess... Fuel tanks at Sea ) Hellmuth Heye became admiral hipper class first convoy of the Warfare good articles the... Of Versailles forbade the construction of heavy admiral hipper class warships three destroyers would then attack undefended... Was chosen for construction, with the survivability of heavy German warships, and destroyer! That they had been damaged more severely by the collision, causing her to sink quickly to prevent the cruiser. In April 1939, Admiral Hipper leaves Gotenhafen ( Gdynia ) with 1529 refugees on board following the attack convoy...